Pet Treatment

The Science of Neutralizing Ordors

Many of the odors encountered are the result of biological actions. One of the contributors to these odors is Nitrogen. Nitrogen tends to bond to other atoms by sharing electrons and forms new compounds. For example, when nitrogen is bound to 3 Hydrogen atoms NH3, ammonia is formed.

The use of enzymes can be effective to treat the problem if they reach the source and remain in contact long enough. When pet urine is released from the body it is acidic. Over time it will decompose and become an alkaline salt. Fresh urine is acidic and old urine being an alkaline salt may require different treatments. During the summer or times of high humidity or in the spring rainy days, the salts pull moisture from the air and surrounding environment making the odor more noticeable.


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The most important factor in dealing with pet urine odor is knowing the degree of penetration. Due to the multiple layers of surfaces (carpet, padding & subfloor) dealing with the odor is more difficult. Effective treatment may require multiple treatments, cleaning, and neutralization of the alkaline salts. Even after proper treatment has been completed, these odors can recur.

When urine soaks through to the padding and sub flooring, the only way to guarantee removal of the odor is to replace the carpet and padding, along with a treatment to the sub floor. However, we can do the following steps to reduce the odor to a minimum if not completely.